"Command Performance" - Tom Sierak

“Painting © Tom Sierak used with permission •”

In the late 1800′s, in Scotland, the Golden Retriever was first developed by Lord Tweedmouth, whose goal was to create an exceptional Retriever well suited to the Scottish climate and the game available.  He crossed his Tweed Water Spaniel (now extinct) with a Yellow-Colored Retriever.  Integrated later were also the Bloodhound,  Irish Setter, and more of the Tweed Water Spaniel, seeking the final outcome of more powerful and vigorous dog, that retained the qualities of trainability and gentleness.  Hence, the remarkable and  incomparable Golden Retriever of today.


1.  Approximately what size can I expect my Golden Retriever to be at maturity?

Typically, we would expect males to be within the range of 65-75 pounds, and females between 55-65 pounds.  Obviously, genetics will come into play, as well as other factors, which could create slight deviations from this standard.

2.  What is the common temperament of the Golden Retriever; will he or she be a nice family pet?

We believe that the AKC Registered Golden Retriever will make the optimal family pet.  The Golden is quite well known for his adoration of, and patience with,  children.  As he matures into adulthood, we expect to see him well mannered, with a tranquil personality,  and exceptional friendliness.  Your Golden will be extremely loyal, gentle, and very eager to please, with an inbred penchant for calmness and intelligence.

3.  What are some notable differences between the “English” type and the “American” type of Golden Retrievers?

When most people think “Golden Retriever”, they most often tend to picture in their minds a typical “American” type of Retriever.  This type  of Golden Retriever will have a coat that is water repellent and dense with moderate feathering, and presents itself in various shades of gold.  He or she will be more lanky, and less stocky than the “English” type.  The head will not be as square, the muzzle will be slightly more narrow and a bit longer.  The eyes of the American Golden Retriever will be noted as slightly more triangular.  The tail will be somewhat longer than that of the English Golden Retriever.

Little River Rosie-"American Type" Golden Retriever


An “English” type of Golden Retriever may often have a lighter, or cream colored coat of any shade.  He also may sport a golden coat, although in recent years, the lighter colored coats have become very much in vogue, and have come to be typically recognized as belonging to the “English” type.  This Golden Retriever will exhibit a blockier head, and a wider, shorter muzzle.   He will be lower to the ground and more heavy bodied, especially at maturity.  His tail will be shorter, his chest slightly deeper.  His eyes, as contrasted to his American counterpart, will be rounder and darker.

Solomon-English Type Golden Retriever


Of  further noteworthy interest – Golden Retrievers were bred to retrieve game without damage, therefore,  have a very soft mouth, along with an instinctive love for water.  Their versatility and intelligence lends itself to these remarkable dogs performing well in a variety of roles, such as guide dogs for the blind, service dogs for the disabled, hearing dogs for the hearing impaired, search and rescue dogs, and illegal drug detection aiding law enforcement.  However,  perhaps the most consistently prominent and joy-giving attribute of the Golden, with his reliable, gentle, loyal and eager-to-please disposition, is his role as an extremely popular family pet.